Legenda: Play it again...Sydney Symphony members perform for children in the Starlight Room at the Children's Hospital at Westmead Photo: Adam Hollingworth
Source: The Sydney Morning Herald
Legenda: Play it again...Sydney Symphony members perform for children in the Starlight Room at the Children's Hospital at Westmead Photo: Adam Hollingworth
"NEW YORK (WABC) -- Music is proving to be great medicine, and it's helping some patients recover memory loss.There's a program that uses iPods loaded with a patient's favorite music, and the results are remarkable.
Sean Dawkins had a gunshot wound to the head. He loves Gospel music. Marie Serrano is an amputee with blood vessel disease of the brain. She loves Salsa. Everett Dixon has had a genetically-caused stroke. He loves Reggae.
They all share memory problems. They also share a way to get memory back - their music. Their iPods and a music therapy group at the Beth Abraham Adult Day Health Care Program.
Ariel Weissberg runs the 45-minute group twice a week. Members receive iPods for those days, filled with their favorite music. They play songs for one another. Each responded emotionally to his or her own favorites, but what that triggered was remarkable.
"It brings memories, back on 225th, my mother played this constantly over and over," Dixon said. "She being in Jamaica, this was her uplifting, this was her joy."
"I remember when I was in a wheelchair, and I was mad I couldn't do the things i want to do," Dawkins said.
The music stirred up emotions, linked to memories. It's no surprise that it works.
Meaningful memories are never lost, just difficult to bring to mind because of brain damage or Alzheimer's. A familiar song can trigger those important memories. It can bring patients back to their loved ones and care givers, even if it's for just a moment. Music brings up emotions locked forever to memory.
"I think that the core of who we are is an emotional core, and it's resistant to all the losses of Alzheimer's," said Dr Steven Sparr, a neurologist at Beth Abraham. "Music provides a portal into that emotional core."
Experts say that with modern brain imaging, they can actually see that music memories are stored all over the brain, not in just one area. There are studies showing that memories brought back with music can slow the progression,and even improve some types of memory loss."
WEB PRODUCED BY: Bill King
"Desengane-se quem pensava que os todos os bebés choravam da mesma forma. Um estudo da Universidade de Würzburg revela que, na verdade, os bebés choram na sua língua materna. Os investigadores analisaram o choro de 60 recém-nascidos, metade de famílias de língua francesa e outra metade alemã, entre três e cinco dias depois do seu nascimento e chegaram à conclusão de que os bebés captam elementos do que será o seu idioma ainda na barriga da mãe. O estudo está publicado na «Current Biology».
A antropóloga Kathleen Wermke, uma das investigadoras, explica que os recém-nascidos “não só são capazes de reproduzir tonalidades sonoras distintas quando choram como também utilizam as ‘pautas’ típicas do idioma que ouviram no último trimestre da gestação”. As investigações realçam assim a importância do choro no desenvolvimento da linguagem.
Na experiência verificou-se que os bebés franceses tinham tendência para chorar num tom ascendente enquanto os alemães num tom descendente. Esta é uma característica que diferencia as duas línguas.
Já se sabia que a exposição ao idioma antes do nascimento tinha influência na percepção dos recém-nascidos. Contudo, pensava-se que os efeitos na pronunciação de sons aconteciam muito mais tarde.
O estudo acrescenta que os recém-nascidos percebem o conteúdo emocional das mensagens da mãe pela entoação e sentem uma forte motivação para a imitar, tendo como finalidade a criação de laços afectivos. De resto, a entoação da mãe é o único aspecto da linguagem que conseguem imitar.
Artigo: Newborns' Cry Melody Is Shaped by Their Native Language" (Ciência Hoje)
The Sounds of Science is a small group of graduate students and recent alumni of UC Berkeley that share a common love of science and music. Our aim is to promote awareness of science to the community of all ages through fun music videos available free on the internet.
"Speaking both figuratively and literally, Calgary and Kenya are pretty far apart. Not only do a great many kilometres of cold, unwelcoming ocean separate the Canadian Prairie city from the African country, but the two locales are also untold leagues apart culturally, socially, politically and economically. This is not news. What is, however, is that Kenya and Calgary will be moving ever so slightly closer together soon thanks to Musikiva Canada Inc., a Calgary-based non-governmental organization that will provide music therapy to at-risk youth in both areas.
“The idea came from a trip that I took to Tanzania and Rwanda about four years ago in 2005,” explains Musikiva’s executive director Shannon Robinson. “I was travelling with another NGO and got to see the impact an NGO can have on poverty and the living conditions there. When I was in Rwanda, I also ran into a couple guys who were the co-founders of yet another NGO [Kageno Worldwide Inc.], a grassroots not-for-profit that’s doing work in Kenya and Rwanda. I stayed in touch with them and one of the things they do is an art exchange program between kids in New York and kids in Kenya. They were thinking that music might be a good fit for that. We’ve been dialoguing ever since and that’s where the birth of Musikiva came from.”
“The one key element of music therapy is the non-verbal aspect to it; you don’t have to use words,” Robinson says. “They can actually be expressive and communicate and share experiences through making music. There’s lots of communication that can happen through their musical interactions; through playing instruments like drumming and even singing — even vocalizing — there’s a lot of connection that can happen between kids when they’re involved in singing sounds or even singing songs that they all loved and have grown up with.” (...)" LER ARTIGO COMPLETO
“Music expresses that which cannot be said and on which it is impossible to be silent.”--Victor Hugo
Even with all the varieties of music out there, and the myriad different tastes people claim, most of us, at some point in our lives have used music as therapy. Whether it’s unwinding to a classical composition or blowing off steam to the beat of a heavy metal song, music can alleviate stress and put us in touch with memories. This makes sense since research shows that music has a profound effect on the body and mind.
The fact that everyone—children, teenagers, and adults of varying backgrounds—can respond to music in ways that they don’t respond to traditional therapy gave birth to the growing field of Music Therapy. According to the American Music Therapy Association (www.musictherapy.org), Music Therapy is formally defined as a clinical and evidence-based use of music interventions to accomplish individualized goals within a therapeutic relationship by a credentialed professional who has completed an approved music therapy program.
Music Therapy can include movement, musical improvisation, song writing, singing, discussing lyrics, dancing, or simply listening to music. For instance, Music Therapists can help clients who have a hard time talking about or writing out their feelings by composing songs; clients with physical disabilities may use Music Therapy to learn to play an instrument for the purpose of improving fine motor skills.
These elements are used to address physical, emotional, cognitive, and social needs of people of all ages living with issues including:
And just what are the effects of music on the mind and body that make this form of therapy so effective? Brainwaves can resonate with music that has a strong beat. Faster beats translate into sharper concentration and more alert thinking while slower tempos promote a calm, meditative state.
- Brain injury
- Autism and other developmental disabilities
- Emotional trauma
- Hearing impairments
- Mental health issues
- Terminal illness or pain
- Physical disabilities
- Speech and language impairments
- Substance abuse problems
- Visual impairments
And when brainwaves change, other areas of the body are affected. Music can alter breathing and heart rates, making them slower or faster and, consequently, helping to relieve issues like chronic stress, promote relaxation and improve overall health. Music has also proven to deliver other health benefits, such as lowering blood pressure (which affects the likelihood of stroke and other health issues), boosting immunity, and easing muscle tension.
The implications of Music Therapy for physical and mental rehabilitation place it within an important context in terms of the biological medical model for therapy. It has truly become a viable tool for helping people get (and stay) healthy. With so many benefits and such profound physical effects, it’s no surprise that the future of Music Therapy is quite a promising one.
See Related Articles
Discover how music technology and education programs are changing the lives of students with disabilities, in Students with Disabilities Make Beautiful Music with New Technologies.
See Clay Walker Balances Multiple Sclerosis with a Public Career to learn about one man's music career with MS.
"Le Docteur Rolando Benenzon, l'un des plus grands pionniers mondiaux de la musicothérapie, développe dans ce livre une théorie de la personnalité centrée sur le principe de l'ISo (l'identité sonore) dont il est le découvreur. Il décrit des aspects de la personnalité qui viennent compléter les théories de Freud, Winnicott, Watzlawick,... L'auteur parcourt largement le panorama de la musicothérapie en reprenant : • les concepts théoriques sur lesquels se fonde son modèle (Modèle Benenzon) ; • les étapes techniques à réaliser pour mener à bien une séance de musicothérapie ; • ses diverses applications possibles, de la clinique musicothérapeutique individuelle (application aux personnes atteintes d'Alzheimer, etc.) à la prévention primaire (application en milieu communautaire, etc.). En outre, ce livre permet d'ouvrir de nouveaux chemins dans la réflexion psychologique et philosophique à propos du silence, du temps et de l'espace en tant qu'éléments fondamentaux du contexte non verbal et du système relationnel entre les êtres humains. Ce livre de référence - le seul à présenter le Modèle Benenzon en langue française - est destiné aux professionnels de la santé et de l'éducation (psychologues, psychopédagogues, psychiatres, psychanalystes, etc.) ainsi qu'à tous ceux qui souhaitent apprendre à ouvrir de nouveaux canaux de communication. Le modèle Benenzon pour la première fois disponible en langue française"
(NORTHRIDGE, Calif., Oct. 2nd, 2009) ― When Cal State Northridge’s music therapy program started 25 years ago, it didn’t have an office. And some people on campus weren’t even sure what the program was.
But under the guidance of music professor Ron Borczon, the program and its Music Therapy Wellness Clinic have grown into nationally recognized institutions whose graduates and therapists are making a difference in the lives of children and adults around the world.
“When I was brought here to start the program in 1984, we had three students in the major. Today we have 28 and there’s a waiting list to get in,” Borczon said. “Our graduates are working at facilities across the United States and in such countries as Japan, Isreal and Korea. Our graduates perform very well on the national board exam. We usually have a 95 percent first-time passing rate on the exam, with our students averaging about five percentage points above the national average.
“It’s been a lot of hard work, but I’d say we’ve made a lot of progress in 25 years.”
Music therapy is a field in which therapists use music as a treatment for rehabilitating, maintaining and improving the lives of persons with physical, intellectual or emotional difficulties.
Borczon, his students and the three therapists who work at the clinic work with a variety of clients, from autistic children and children with Down syndrome to the survivors of severe trauma and rape.
The music therapy clinic opened in 1996 to facilitate students’ practical training under the guidance of a professional. The clinic is one of only two in the United States-the other is in New York-to be officially affiliated with the internationally acclaimed Nordhoff-Robbins Music Therapy program in England.
Borczon explained that the therapists use music to help develop a relationship with their clients. “Through that relationship, we help our clients meet the goals they are trying to achieve in life, whether it’s helping a child to talk or an adult getting back into their lives after a severe trauma,” he said.
The therapists and students at CSUN’s Music Therapy Wellness Clinic have used music’s structure to help disabled children being “mainstreamed” into public schools improve their physical coordination as well as their academic skills. They have used music to help elderly people recovering from strokes regain communication skills as well as coordination. Music also has been used to help adolescents and adults with behavioral, emotional or mental problems learn new adaptive skills, explore feelings and regain normal functioning in society.
Over the years, Borczon has been called upon to assist survivors of the Oklahoma City bombing, the shootings at Columbine High School, hurricane Katrina and other major traumatic events.
Borczon said that for centuries people have used music to help with healing or to deal with grief. “We are simply rediscovering what they always knew-that music, through its profound effect on mind and body, can be a potent way to help people get well,” he said.
The program had been a dream of Clarence Wiggins, chair of CSUN’s Department of Music, from 1962 to 1984.
“He really felt there was a great need for this type of program in the Valley,” Borczon said. “Once I was hired, he told me ‘My job now is done,’ and he retired. He really deserves all the credit. He’s the one who had the vision.”
Wiggins said he started the music therapy program “because I strongly believed music majors needed another career option. At the same time, I strongly believe in music therapy as a source of rehabilitation. The combination of the two made a perfect pairing.”
Victor Lissabet, 28, couldn’t agree more. Lissabet, who received his bachelor’s degree in music therapy in May, said he found his “calling” in the program.
“I had been teaching yoga for a long time, but I wanted to do something more. I’d already been a musician for a long time,” he said. “The idea of music therapy really appealed to me, and CSUN has the only program in Southern California. I realized that this was the place for me.”
Lissabet now works at CSUN’s Music Therapy Wellness Clinic as a therapist. He specializes in working with special needs children.
“I use music as the main tool to build an expressive relationship between myself and the client,” he said. “It’s kind of hard sometimes to explain what we do. Music is part of everyone’s life, it’s something we’re hardwired to understand and comprehend.
“Music therapists use the same techniques talk therapists would use, only we use musical instruments. We reflect our clients, and contain them if necessary and acknowledge their contributions and let them know we hear them through music. What we have are the skills of giving our clients’ music wings.”
"Original song and animation by Jon Weems. I'd love your comments! I put this animation together so I could have a video for one of my songs. It's one of those break-up songs. lol For lyrics and to learn more about me and how I write music with my disability, go to: myspace or The music of Jon Weems "
A project at Harvard Medical School aims to bring music to medicine in a way that goes beyond setting the mood in the waiting room. Gene transcription and translation are anything but simple. But by combining modern statistics with the sounds of a sweet melody, bioinformatician Gil Alterovitz may make interpreting these complex phenomena and diagnosing the diseases that result from abnormalities in gene expression much more manageable tasks.
Imagem: Gil Alterovitz
Legenda: Human embryonic stem cells
"I think it's brilliant that Gil is using a completely different channel for communicating complex genomic information," Latin and ballroom DJ Taro Muso writes in an email to The Scientist. "I've always wondered why doctors don't seem to use their ears beyond listening for natural bodily sounds."
"It's deceptively simple," says bioinformatician Yves Lussier of the University of Chicago. "It was conceptually challenging to come up with it, but once we know of it, it's obvious we should have tried that in addition to visualization techniques we have been using."
By boiling down gene expression data to just a few components -- variables that condense one or more parameters of data -- and assigning each of those components a different note and musical instrument, Alterovitz and his colleagues are literally making genetics musical. The team carefully chooses the notes such that normal gene expression patterns sound pleasantly in tune, while abnormal data yield discordant sounds. "When you hear inharmonious music it kind of catches your attention," Alterovitz says, "and that would be a sign of a pathological problem."
"Even amateur musicians can tell the difference between various chords," Muso agrees, "so there is a definite potential for motivated biologists to use harmony as a screening method."
Alterovitz got the idea ten years ago while doing his PhD at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. When he donned his scrubs and joined surgeons in the operating room as part of his graduate research project, he was distracted by the numerous monitors measuring nearly two dozen biological signals. Sometimes an alarm would go off, he recalls, but most of the time it wasn't really relevant, and they were simply turned off and ignored.
"Wouldn't it be useful if we somehow integrated [all] those variables so that we could present something that was not just a binary alarm but holistic information about the whole system?" Alterovitz remembers thinking.
With this goal in mind, Alterovitz set out to make a computer program to do just that. He and his colleagues worked with preexisting gene expression data from a colon cancer study, and reduced more than 3,000 genes to just four components. "There's a lot of redundancy," Alterovitz explains. "Genes moving together or opposite each other in a predictable way" can be lumped into just one variable without losing much, if any, detail about the system.
Assigning notes that form harmonious chords to the data, Alterovitz and his colleagues created a pleasant-sounding 'norm.' When things go awry, such as in the case of p53-null mutant colon cancer cells under inflammatory stress conditions, gene expression varies slightly, and inharmonious chord progressions result. Listening to the results -- a symphony of electronic harpsichords, recorders, flutes, and oboes -- tells the story.
A project at Harvard Medical School aims to bring music to medicine by mapping melodious gene expression
By Jef Akst @ The Scientist
"Bobby McFerrin demonstrates the power of the pentatonic scale, using audience participation, at the event "Notes & Neurons: In Search of the Common Chorus", from the 2009 World Science Festival, June 12, 2009.
For related content, please view the full "Notes & Neurons: In Search of the Common Chorus" program at our website"(worldsciencefestival)
"Is our response to music hard-wired or culturally determined? Is the reaction to rhythm and melody universal or influenced by environment? Join host John Schaefer, Jamshed Barucha, scientist Daniel Levitin, Professor Lawrence Parsons and musical artist Bobby McFerrin for live performances and cross cultural demonstrations to illustrate music’s note-worthy interaction with the brain and our emotions.
" PASADENA - During his recent one-hour music therapy session, 5-year-old Cade Thai strummed a guitar, ran his small fingers over piano keys, and tried to sing along to "Twinkle, Twinkle Little Star."
It's remarkable progress in the eyes of Cade's father, Jeff Wiggins, who said when his son first walked through the doors of a the Pasadena Child Development Associates two years ago, he was a shy and speechless child.
"He's able to now repeat certain words, recognize words and is more verbal," said Wiggins, whose son is autistic and also has Williams syndrome, a genetic condition that slows his development.
He attributes that progress to the organization's music therapy program, which uses music as an educational tool. Parents and children work in private sessions with on-site music therapists like Melissa St. John, who has worked with Cade since May 2008.
Since then, she's noticed he now "imitates the rhythm, smiles more and is more engaged."
"There is so much more interaction," St. John said.
But now the program is in jeopardy, a victim of state budget cuts, said Diane Anand, executive director of the Frank D. Lanterman Regional Center, which refers families to the Pasadena program.
The Department of Developmental Services, which funds the Pasadena Child Development Associates, received a $334-million cut in its funding, and the ripple is being felt across many programs that serve disabled children, officials said.
AbilityFirst, a local nonprofit that sends disabled children to its annual summer camp in the San Bernardino Mountains, recently announced it has suspended the camp for next year because of funding cuts by the state, said spokeswoman Carolyn Aguayo.
The Pasadena Child Development Associates gets about $13,000 a month from the state to provide the music therapy program to about 60 children and their parents, Executive Director Diane Cullinane said, adding that the cuts will force the organization to seek out private donations and grants to keep the program going.
The program needs at least $20,000, which would provide weekly music therapy sessions for 40 children for six months, she said. Even so, parents would still need to pay a small fee of $30 for what formerly had been a free program.
"It is so discouraging," Cullinane said. "I think it is so sad, because we see the children and their families benefit from the music therapy."
Pasadena Child Development Associates
Families in the program are being notified of the changes. Cullinane said her staff is working to raise private funding so that the program can be offered in October. A fund-raiser is scheduled for November.
Music therapy program that helps local autistic children open up falls victim to state budget cuts
By Caroline An, Staff Writer, 08/16/2009
"We have nothing now, but if we get $3,000, we'll start the program and keep it going," Cullinane said.
Wiggens said he'll pay for the program out of his own pocket, because it has benefitted his son so noticeably. But he likely will cut down Cade's sessions to once a week, he said.
Cade loves music, Wiggins said, a characteristic common among people with Williams syndrome. When Cade gets cranky at home or at bedtime, jazz and classical music and lullabies help soothe him, he said. The family also has purchased several instruments Cade plays at home to duplicate his music sessions at the Pasadena Child Development Associates.
"We want to have the least disruptive impact on Cade," said Wiggins. "Luckily, we can pay for (the services), and coming here is the most convenient for us." "(PASADENA, CA )
"Recebi um folheto do médico do meu sogro falando vária coisas interesantes mas a que me chamou mais atenção foi uma parte que falava que paciêntes com alzheimer alguns gostam de ouvir música e alguns de dançar.
Meu sogro andava meio triste nos ultimos dias pois percebemos que a cuidadora que fica com ele à tarde não estava dando a mesma atenção que dava antes, quando chegavamos em casa ele só queria ficar durmindo não falava quase e quando falava era bem baixinho então no mesmo dia que li o folheto peguei um cd que era dele e uns fones de ouvido pra que ele ouvisse mesmo,ele estava durmindo mas mesmo assim botei a musica , alguns minutos depois mesmo durmindo ele começou a fazer barulho com a boca como se estivesse cantando e batucando com a mão e derrepente ele acordou (já que ele ficava durmindo a maior parte do tempo e um sono pesado) como estava com sáliva na boca(ele tem essa mania) e ficava fazendo os sons ai leve uma àgua para ele, engoliu a sáliva e alcancei um livro pra ele ler(nem isso ele tava fazendo) e pegou me agradeceu e começou a ler baixinho mas em menos de uma hora ele tava lendo alto como antes e com um humor maravilhos.
Então entrei na internet e pesquise sobre a música para paciêntes com alzheimer e tem vários limks interessantes e falando da musicoterapia que ajudam paciêntes com DA até na face mais avançada pois dimuindo as dores crônicas.
Acho que não custa tentar!!!
Aqui está os links mais interessantes que eu achei:
"The following is a video of music thanatologists Jeri Howe (Ther. Music, part 1) and Gary Plouff who practice therapeutic (harp) music in the Greater Seattle Area." (Maria Hoaglund, Death & Grief Examiner)
“Marcha, soldado, cabeça de papel…”. Na quadra do 6º Batalhão da Polícia Militar do Interior (6º BPM/I), na Ponta da Praia, em Santos, nas manhãs de terça-feira, quem não marchar direito não “vai preso pro quartel”. Ali, há dois meses, das 9 às 10 horas, não interessa a patente: soldado efetivo ou temporário, sargento, capitão ou major, todo mundo é igual. E não é preciso marchar. Basta entrar no ritmo.
Estamos na aula de musicoterapia, desenvolvida durante a prática desportiva dos integrantes do 6º Batalhão. A iniciativa faz parte de um projeto da Polícia Militar do Estado, que visa implantar na Baixada Santista a Polícia Comunitária, e conta com o trabalho voluntário dos musicoterapeutas Abigail Baraquet, Rogério Baraquet e Jayme Lopes, que integram a Subcomissão de Polícia Comunitária de São Vicente.
“Esse é um projeto que já desenvolvemos em São Vicente”, conta o coordenador do trabalho e chefe da Divisão Administrativa do batalhão, major Cláudio de Oliveira, que também participa das aulas.
Na avaliação do major, além de auxiliar no aspecto físico, as aulas melhoram as condições espiritual e de equilíbrio dos policiais militares.
“Na nossa atividade, trabalhamos sob estresse. Aqui, desenvolvemos a cooperação e o autoconhecimento, que é fundamental”, lembra Oliveira. “Se o policial chega a uma ocorrência mais concentrado, mais focado, tem condições de trabalhar melhor o que aprendeu”.
De acordo com a musicoterapeuta e psicóloga Abigail Baraquet, durante as aulas os participantes trabalham a psicomotricidade musical. Em outras palavras, os policiais militares realizam os exercícios que fazem normalmente, só que de forma coordenada, com músicas selecionadas. “Eles já melhoraram a coordenação motora, a autoestima, o equilíbrio, a percepção, a atenção”, enumera a musicoterapeuta.
“O coronel Ailton (Araújo Brandão, comandante do Comando de Policiamento do Interior 6), preocupado com o estresse, a depressão, quecostuma acometer policiais militares, resolveu proporcionar esse trabalho de musicoterapia a eles”, explica Abigail.
“Como esses profissionais, pela própria formação e por manter uma postura reservada, via de regra, têm dificuldade de fazer terapias convencionais, esse trabalho, além de ser lúdico, dispensa a exposição e a verbalização”, ressalta a musicoterapeuta.
Segundo Jayme Lopes, que também é psicomotricista e ritmoterapeuta, muitos participantes que, no início, ficavam meio “travados”, agora se sentem mais soltos e realizam melhor os movimentos. “Estamos trabalhando também a autoaceitação, além da autoestima. Procuramos fazer com que eles se toquem, se aproximem”.
Já com o músico e cantoterapeuta Rogério Baraquet, os policiais militares desenvolvema hata yoga,fazendo alongamentos e trabalhando a concentração, a respiração e, finalmente, a vocalização de trechos musicais. “Eles repetem um trecho de música que contenha mensagens positivas”, conta o músico.
Para as soldados temporárias Karina de Souza Lins e Samira Duarte dos Santos, as aulas ajudam a acabar com o estresse do serviço. “Percebi quemelhorou o convívio, estamos mais próximos, mas unidos”, completa Samira.
Na Área Continental de Santos, os moradores contam, desde a semana passada, com policiamento comunitário da PM." (publicado por roberto conde guerra em JORNAL FLIT PARALISANTE)
"While government bureaucrats struggle to create meaningful health-care reform for a weary nation, Indian mystics and cultural historians already have a cost-effective answer to universal health: more yoga, more music.
A 5,000-year-old art form, yoga originated in India and has been practiced by civilizations worldwide to improve flexibility and reach divine meditative states. Likewise, musical tones can actually reduce stress hormones and soothe tightly wound bodies and minds.
This month’s Wanderlust Festival fuses yoga and music in a three-day spectacle of physical and artistic hedonism that will kick your asanas and soothe your eardrums. Add the breathtaking scenery of Lake Tahoe’s Squaw Valley, and visitors could be so blessed out they might never make it to Burning Man.
In Sanskrit, yoga literally means the “yoking,” or union, of mind, body and spirit. And yoga has exploded in the past decade, with everyone from employers to Oprah encouraging us to live “a balanced life.”
Thankfully, both yoga and music tap into a part of our unconscious mind where words don’t—and shouldn’t—apply. They give our rational, thinking minds a break. As meditation guru Joseph Goldstein once asked his students, “Do you want to think or do you want to be free?”
The growing field of “music therapy” puts a scientific face on what teenagers have known for decades: Music makes us feel really great. You don’t even have to be making out to know that it promotes good health.
Studies have shown that the human stress hormone cortisol is reduced by soothing musical interludes. Music therapy can help alleviate pain, fight off depression, promote relaxation and improve overall quality of life. Researchers also have concluded that brain waves can synchronize with a fast musical beat to help promote both calm and concentration.
In the early 1990s, researchers discovered “the Mozart effect,” which indicated that listening to the great maestro’s music could produce a temporary boost in IQ that translated into higher test scores.
The American Music Therapy Association reports that its music therapists work in psychiatric hospitals, rehab clinics, senior centers, drug and alcohol programs, and even correctional facilities, where they customize musical programs for individual. The goal: to improve lives on a physical, emotional, psychological and spiritual level. These therapists treat a wide variety of disease, from substance abuse to physical disabilities and age-related illness.
With all Wanderlust’s healing and profound transformation concentrated in one location, we wonder if South Carolina’s Mark Sanford or other political figures might benefit. Could a combination of yoga and music help promote world peace?
Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger tried ballet in the documentary Pumping Iron, but his favorite music is actually mariachi, so he may not find the festival to his liking.
Wanderlust spotlights a host of sustainable musical acts, headlined by Michael Franti and Spearhead, grooving alongside classes taught by popular yoga teachers John Friend, Shiva Rea and others. Other musical acts span the primitive post-modernism of guitarist Gillian Welch, feel-good sampling mash-ups from Girl Talk and the “sacred music” of Jai Uttal.
Sacramento has a long history of great music and now features several exceptional yoga studios: Deep Art and Yoga, Zuda Yoga Center, It’s All Yoga, Asha Yoga and The Yoga Solution are just a few. Wanderlust could be a great place to kick off a healthy new life of balanced living." (Matt Perry, SN&R)
Enquanto possíveis interessados na formação em Música nos Hospitais, informamos que a Associação Portuguesa de Música nos Hospitais e Instituições de Solidariedade (APMHIS), irá realizar o 4º Curso de Especialização para Músicos Intervenientes em Ambiente da Saúde (CEMI), com o objectivo de formar novos músicos para trabalhar com a associação, no âmbito das intervenções em hospitais, lares de terceira idade e instituições de apoio à criança.
O Curso terá início em Setembro de 2009 e terminará em Junho de 2010. O local de formação será dividido entre a Orquestra Metropolitana de Lisboa (aulas teórico-práticas) e as instituições de acolhimento de estágios (a definir de acordo com a proveniência dos candidatos seleccionados). A APMHIS pretende alargar a sua área de intervenção, sendo que no momento já desenvolve actividade na área metropolitana de Lisboa, Porto, Setúbal e Santarém.
Está a ser estudada a hipótese de atribuição de bolsas de deslocação para candidatos que residam fora da área metropolitana de Lisboa.
As inscrições serão recepcionadas até dia 10 de Julho e os testes de admissão serão realizados nos fins-de-semana de 11-12 e 18-19 de Julho.
Todas as informações sobre o 4º CEMI, incluindo condições de acesso, inscrição, conteúdos das provas de admissão, propinas, etc, deverão ser consultadas na página da APMHIS, www.musicanoshospitais.pt.
Solicitamos igualmente divulgação desta informação pelos vossos contactos.
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"[...] Tenho vergonha…
Tenho vergonha deste país quando me lembro de como Vianna da Motta, Luís de Freitas Branco, Bernardo Moreira de Sá, Hélia Soveral, Maria Manuela Araújo e muitos outros foram tratados em Portugal, em nada diferente do tratamento dispensado a Maria João Pires e, muito recentemente, o sistema de ensino especializado de música que deles somos herdeiros e obrigação tínhamos de preservar e desenvolver.[...]" (Ideias Soltas)
"A musicoterapia não só melhora o humor de pacientes hospitalizados como pode até antecipar a alta médica. É o que sugere um levantamento feito por uma equipe da FMU (Faculdades Metropolitanas Unidas), que desenvolveu um projeto nos hospitais Paulistano e TotalCor, em São Paulo, e Bezerra de Menezes, em São Bernardo do Campo (SP).
Dos cem pacientes ouvidos, 90% tiveram melhora do estado emocional, medida por questionários aplicados no início e no fim da sessão. Em 72% dos casos, houve antecipação da alta médica, avaliada pelo depoimento de psicólogos e médicos.
Segundo Maristela Smith, coordenadora do curso de musicoterapia da FMU, a melhora no humor não acontece só no momento em que a equipe atua. "A música provoca efeitos bioquímicos. Atua em neurotransmissores como a serotonina e enriquece os circuitos neurais, o que intensifica o prazer. Esses benefícios não ocorrem só na hora. Deixam um resíduo."
No projeto, são usados instrumentos como flauta doce, violão, baixo e vários de percussão. Em uma entrevista, monta-se a história sonora do paciente, que inclui seus ritmos preferidos. No quarto, os musicoterapeutas tocam, por cerca de 20 minutos, canções conhecidas e com mensagens de otimismo e bem-estar, e também compõem músicas para cada paciente, baseadas em suas preferências.
Os estilos mais pedidos foram MPB (37%), clássico (18%) e sertanejo (15%). Roberto Carlos foi o intérprete preferido. A maioria dos pacientes tinha mais de 50 anos.
Para Alze Tavares, coordenador médico do Hospital Paulistano, pacientes de qualquer idade são beneficiados. "Eles adoram, ficam mais dispostos. A música reduz a insônia, tem impacto nas frequências cardíacas e respiratórias e até na pressão. O humor melhora e o relacionamento com os profissionais de saúde também."
No segundo semestre, a FMU pretende expandir o projeto para outros hospitais e fazer um trabalho a longo prazo com cada paciente." (FLÁVIA MANTOVANI | EDITORA-ASSISTENTE DO EQUILÍBRIO)
By Diana Rossetti
CantonRep.com staff report
Posted Jun 18, 2009 @ 08:09 PM
"The onset of Parkinson’s disease changed Robert Joy’s life, drastically narrowing his horizons. The chronic, progressive disorder of the nervous system stole his mobility and makes communication difficult.
The retired Republic Steel dispatcher’s beloved avocation was music. For years, he played upright bass in area bands on weekends.
The tremors produced by Parkinson’s disease made performing, even playing for pleasure, a distant memory.
Now, music therapy has helped him reconnect with his past and stay connected with his family.
Every two weeks, board-certified music therapist Brenda Wise, guitar in hand, spends an hour with Joy, 81, and a revolving cast of family members at Meadow Wind Health Care in Massillon. Wise is employed by In-House Hospice, headquartered in Macedonia.
“He really lights up with the music he loves,” said Wise, who probes Joy’s particular interests and memories through conversations with him and his family.
Often, she leaves a session with new songs from his decades-long repertoire, songs she may not know but will research and play for him at their next meeting.
“We do a lot of reminiscing because music has been such a large part of his life,” Wise said. “‘Sentimental Journey’ seems to renew old memories and kind of sums up our visits in a lot of ways.”
With other patients, Wise said music therapy can be customized to complement pain management treatment and to decrease anxiety.
Cindy Espenschied, one of Joy’s five daughters, said Wise “picks up on things he’s saying. Music is his own language.”
“You never know what is going to come up. He’ll say, ‘I like “The Girl from Ipanema,’ ” and she did that for him last time. We sing along. In fact, the family likes to be there for music therapy because it’s the best way we can communicate with him,” she said. “It’s such a positive experience. You have to think, if he responds to music maybe another patient might respond to art.”
WHAT IS MUSIC THERAPY?
Studies have shown that music interventions by qualified professionals can promote wellness, manage stress, alleviate pain, enhance memory, improve communication and provide opportunities for interaction among a variety of patients, including those with dementia, Alzheimer’s disease and Parkinson’s disease. Because it is a non-threatening, sensory stimulating medium, music therapy has been proven to increase patient motivation to engage in treatment.
“In the area of neurological rehabilitation such as Parkinson’s disease and dementia, there’s a lot of cutting-edge research and techniques being developed,” said Al Bumanis, director of communications for the American Music Therapy Association based in Silver Spring, Md. His organization has 5,000 members.
For more information, visit the Web at musictherapy.org." (CantonRep.com)
"The conference was hosted by the Irish World Academy and the Graduate Medical School at the University of Limerick and marked the inaugural meeting of the International Association for Music and Medicine, drawing attendees from 12 countries,some as far afield as Singapore and Canada.
The conference was attended by over 150 musicians, medical practitioners, creative arts therapists, nursing and health care practitioners, as well as interested members of the public, who heard about how music is increasingly being used in a variety of medical contexts.
The attendees were discussing the very real benefits of music therapy – an MA in Music Therapy has been offered by the Irish World Academy of Music and Dance in UL for the past 10 years.
"Music therapy has existed in different places and at different times for almost 50 years – and the MA in UL celebrated its tenth anniversary last year," explained Dr Simon Gilbertson, a lecturer on the course, of which Professor Jane Edwards is course director.
"There have been people working in this area for some time – this conference demonstrated the timeliness of how the area is growing. They came here because the course has been offered for the past 10 years so it is a recognition of the work that has been done in this area in Ireland, and it was a great honour that Limerick could host the conference."
The conference increa-sed understanding of how qualified music therapists and medical doctors use music for therapeutic gains, and was preceded by the visit of some the experts to the Mid-Western Regional Hospital, the neo-natal care unit in the Maternity Hospital and Milford Care Centre.
"The conference was pre-empted by three visits of some of the presenters to the those units and the response of the intensive care nurses in particular was phenomenal, they were so encouraged and inspired by the therapy that it added tremendously to the visit," explained Dr Gilbertson. "There are very real benefits of music therapy, some very high quality research studies that have been done have provided scientific evidence of the benefits of music therapy in medical settings. It is quite a simple thing really, it is quite crazy but enormously effective."
One of the keynote speakers was Dr Joanne Loewy, Music Therapist at the Louis Armstrong Music Therapy Centre at the Beth Israel Medical Centre in New York City. Her paper gave a general overview of how music therapy forms part of mainstream treatment in an increasing number of hospitals and medical facilities throughout the USA.
Dr Gilbertson explained that a lot of contacts were made at the conference and that these would prove invaluable in developing the area.
"You could really see that people are interested in adding music therapy to the repertoire of healthcare in Ireland, specifically in Limerick, where it has been shown to be possible," he explained." ( Published Date: 20 June 2009 | By Alan Owens)
"Uma equipa de arqueólogos anunciou a descoberta, no passado Outono, de uma flauta em osso e dois fragmentos de flautas de marfim. A descoberta foi feita em Hohle Fels, a gruta no Sul da Alemanha (Ulm) onde em Maio foi encontrada uma escultura feminina, intitulada imediatamente de Vénus de Hohle Fels e que é considerada a mais antiga representação humana.
A flauta em osso com cinco orifícios é o instrumento musical mais completo encontrado numa caverna, numa região onde nos anos mais recentes foram encontrados vários fragmentos deste instrumento.
Uma flauta de três orifícios feita de marfim de mamute, bem como duas flautas feitas de osso das asas de cisne-branco e várias esculturas de animais foram descobertas há alguns anos atrás numa outra gruta. Mas, até agora, os artefactos eram raros e não estavam datados com precisão suficiente para suportar teorias mais vastas sobre o início de uma tradição musical. Os primeiros indícios sólidos de instrumentos musicais vieram de França e da Áustria, mas a sua datação é muito mais recente do que 30 mil anos.
A equipa de arqueólogos, liderada por Nicholas J. Conard, da Universidade de Tübingen, na Alemanha, acreditam que esta descoberta demonstra a existência de uma bem estabelecida tradição musical no momento em que os seres humanos modernos colonizaram a Europa.
A datação por carbono 14 indica data anterior a 30 mil anos mas não é muito precisa. Por isso, vários materiais associados à descoberta foram testados em dois laboratórios independentes – em Inglaterra e na Alemanha – sendo utilizados métodos diferentes. Os cientistas chegaram a uma conclusão semelhante – a flauta tem pelo menos 35 mil anos. Nicholas J. Conard acredita mesmo que deverá ter perto de 40 mil anos e provavelmente data da colonização daquela região. Nos sedimentos em que se encontravam as flautas estavam também objectos líticos e artefactos de marfim, bem como lascas de pedras e ossos de animais capturados.
Tudo indica que este local foi habitado logo no início da colonização da Europa pelo homo sapiens sapiens entre 40 mil e 10 mil anos antes do homem de Neandertal, nativo daquela zona, se extinguir. Ao contrário do ser humano moderno, não existe nenhuma evidência de que os Neandertais tivessem uma cultura musical.
A característica mais significativa deste artefacto é o material de que é feito: uma cavidade óssea de um grifo. De resto, não é raro encontrar esqueletos de grifo nestas cavernas. A flauta tem 21,6 centímetros e está praticamente completa, inclui mesmo a extremidade onde se sopra. Faltam, contudo, 5 centímetros correspondentes à extremidade inferior.
Já em 2004, o investigador tinha descoberto uma flauta de marfim de 17 centímetros com três orifícios na gruta Geissenklösterle também perto de Ulm. Friedrich Seeberger, de uma empresa alemã especializada em música antiga, reproduziu em madeira esta flauta de marfim. Nas experiências com a réplica, descobriu que a antiga flauta produzia uma série de notas comparáveis às flautas modernas. Não foi ainda feita uma réplica da actual descoberta, mas os arqueólogos acreditam que pelas suas características terá ainda uma gama maior de possibilidades harmónicas.
Os arqueólogos sugerem que a música naquela época poderia ter contribuído para a manutenção de grandes redes sociais e talvez tenha ajudado a facilitar a expansão demográfica e territorial do homem moderno." (Ciência Hoje | 2009-06-25)